Imaginary Reality Gaming: Ball Games Without a Ball
Proceedings of UIST 2013 (to appear)
Imaginary Reality Gaming
Ball Games Without a Ball
Patrick Baudisch, Henning Pohl, Stefanie Reinicke, Emilia Wittmers, Patrick Lühne, Marius Knaust, Sven Köhler, Patrick Schmidt, and Christian Holz. In Proceedings of CHI 2013 (to appear).
We present imaginary reality games, i.e., games that mimic the respective real world sport, such as basketball or soccer, except that there is no visible ball. The ball is virtual and players learn about its position only from watching each other act and a small amount of occasional auditory feed-back, e.g., when a person is receiving the ball.
Imaginary reality games maintain many of the properties of physical sports, such as unencumbered play, physical exertion, and immediate social interaction between players. At the same time, they allow introducing game elements from video games, such as power-ups, non-realistic physics, and player balancing. Most importantly, they create a new game dynamic around the notion of the invisible ball.
Our tracking is based on (a) ALVAR markers, (b) a webcam, and (c) hand-worn accelerometers (Axivity).
To allow players to successfully interact with the invisible ball, we have created a physics engine that evaluates all plausible ball trajectories in parallel, allowing the game engine to select the trajectory that leads to the most enjoy-able game play while still favoring skillful play.
(a) t0: Player 9 on the left is passing the ball. At t1, the ball has reached Player 16 and the quantum engine makes its first decision; here it lets the ball through. (b) t2: The ball has reached Player 18 and the engine decides again.
Imaginary Reality Gaming is a research project by Patrick Baudisch, Henning Pohl (University of Hannover), Stefanie Reinicke, Emilia Wittmers, Patrick Lühne, Marius Knaust, Sven Köhler, Patrick Schmidt, and Christian Holz at the Human Computer Interaction Lab at Hasso Plattner Institute.